The Complexity of the European Integration – The General Vectors of Disorientegration

  • Kovács Olivér


The paper transcends prevailing literature on the crisis of European integration by demonstrating that disorientegration (losing orientation and weakening integration) is not a recent fortuitous event but a systemic pattern. It shows how the centrifugal force towards weakening European integration has developed by asking what are the general non-EU specific vectors of such a gradient. We argue that disorientegration is an echo effect of a complex amalgam of intertwined mechanisms secularly shaping the European integration process. Our paper also outlines the critical mass of conceptual prerequisites of reversing the European disorientegration.


EU integration complexity orientation innovation governance


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