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International and internal mobility can result in both linguistic diversity and forced migration due to intended homogenisation efforts (e.g. “ethnic unmixing” in the successor states of former Yugoslavia). In literature we can talk about both mobility-induced diversity and mobility-induced homogeneity. Language rights and language policies should ensure that the trade-off between mobility and inclusion is not solved simply through assimilation. This article addresses these trends and processes in the specific context of the case study on the Serbian province of Vojvodina. Recent migratory trends in Vojvodina – within Serbia and from Serbia to Hungary and other EU states – have changed the “identity landscape” of a region that possesses deeply anchored multinational–multilingual traditions. In addition, an important question, therefore, was how existing legal provisions on language rights could offer protection to minority language speakers.

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International and internal mobility can result in both linguistic diversity and forced migration due to intended homogenisation efforts (e.g. “ethnic unmixing” in the successor states of former Yugoslavia). In literature we can talk about both mobility-induced diversity and mobility-induced homogeneity. Language rights and language policies should ensure that the trade-off between mobility and inclusion is not solved simply through assimilation. This article addresses these trends and processes in the specific context of the case study on the Serbian province of Vojvodina. Recent migratory trends in Vojvodina – within Serbia and from Serbia to Hungary and other EU states – have changed the “identity landscape” of a region that possesses deeply anchored multinational–multilingual traditions. In addition, an important question, therefore, was how existing legal provisions on language rights could offer protection to minority language speakers.

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PDF (English)
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The goal of this paper is to give a historical and legal overview of the German-speaking communities in Italy. To do so, I will divide the paper in four sections: first, I will introduce the topic itself; in the second section, I will describe the historical background of each community; in the third section, I will analyse the legal framework of the protection of these communities, investigating on the Italian and regional legislations. Finally, in the conclusion I will answer to the following question: Is the culture and the idiom of the German communities living in the language islands, properly protected by the national and regional legislations?

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The goal of this paper is to give a historical and legal overview of the German-speaking communities in Italy. To do so, I will divide the paper in four sections: first, I will introduce the topic itself; in the second section, I will describe the historical background of each community; in the third section, I will analyse the legal framework of the protection of these communities, investigating on the Italian and regional legislations. Finally, in the conclusion I will answer to the following question: Is the culture and the idiom of the German communities living in the language islands, properly protected by the national and regional legislations?

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PDF (English)
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Indigenous groups in Ecuador have practiced their own justice system for hundreds of years. After the new Constitution was approved in 2008, the law has granted autonomy for the recognised indigenous minority communities in the country. However, there are various limitations to this system, despite the fact that the Ecuadorean law has accomplished to comply with international legal instruments on indigenous rights. While the law’s intention is to protect the country’s indigenous heritage, there are still many different issues at stake. This article addresses the debate regarding the constitutionality of indigenous justice, taking a look also at the human rights violations around the issue and other relevant problems.

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Indigenous groups in Ecuador have practiced their own justice system for hundreds of years. After the new Constitution was approved in 2008, the law has granted autonomy for the recognised indigenous minority communities in the country. However, there are various limitations to this system, despite the fact that the Ecuadorean law has accomplished to comply with international legal instruments on indigenous rights. While the law’s intention is to protect the country’s indigenous heritage, there are still many different issues at stake. This article addresses the debate regarding the constitutionality of indigenous justice, taking a look also at the human rights violations around the issue and other relevant problems.

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PDF (English)
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The Republic of Poland with more than 37 million inhabitants is considered to be one of the most homogeneous states in the world, inhabited by about 2–3% of representatives of ethnic and national minority groups.
Although Poland refused to accept immigrants and refugees who arrived to Europe during the European migrant crisis, for the last 3 years the number of immigrants in Poland has been consistently increasing. In 2017, Eurostat pointed out that Poland was the second European Union member state, after the UK, that in 2016 admitted the largest number of immigrants from outside the European Union. As Eurostat indicated, they were mostly the citizens of Ukraine, Belarus, and Moldova, who are considered to be migrant workers. In fact, in 2017, the number of migrant workers only from Ukraine in this country was about 2 million.
The main aim of the article is to outline the impact of the increased number of immigrants on their coexistence in a homogenous society, especially in the times in which the number of hate crimes has been increasing.

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The Republic of Poland with more than 37 million inhabitants is considered to be one of the most homogeneous states in the world, inhabited by about 2–3% of representatives of ethnic and national minority groups.
Although Poland refused to accept immigrants and refugees who arrived to Europe during the European migrant crisis, for the last 3 years the number of immigrants in Poland has been consistently increasing. In 2017, Eurostat pointed out that Poland was the second European Union member state, after the UK, that in 2016 admitted the largest number of immigrants from outside the European Union. As Eurostat indicated, they were mostly the citizens of Ukraine, Belarus, and Moldova, who are considered to be migrant workers. In fact, in 2017, the number of migrant workers only from Ukraine in this country was about 2 million.
The main aim of the article is to outline the impact of the increased number of immigrants on their coexistence in a homogenous society, especially in the times in which the number of hate crimes has been increasing.

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PDF (English)
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The present section summarises the international developments of the year 2017 in connection with the economic, social and cultural life of European minorities, with special focus on education and the media, as well as from the perspective of international law. Different parts of the writing are sectioned in accordance with the novelties and accomplishments of a particular international organization. The review starts with the UN, focusing mainly on the work of several Special Rapporteurs concerning the above mentioned issue, then it continues to sum up shortly the work of the OSCE, EU and Council of Europe summarising the state periodic reports and Recommendations of the Committee of Ministers of the European Charter for Regional and Minority Languages; the monitoring procedures and opinions of the Advisory Committee and resolutions of the Committee of Ministers of the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities.

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The present section summarises the international developments of the year 2017 in connection with the economic, social and cultural life of European minorities, with special focus on education and the media, as well as from the perspective of international law. Different parts of the writing are sectioned in accordance with the novelties and accomplishments of a particular international organization. The review starts with the UN, focusing mainly on the work of several Special Rapporteurs concerning the above mentioned issue, then it continues to sum up shortly the work of the OSCE, EU and Council of Europe summarising the state periodic reports and Recommendations of the Committee of Ministers of the European Charter for Regional and Minority Languages; the monitoring procedures and opinions of the Advisory Committee and resolutions of the Committee of Ministers of the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities.

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PDF (English)
object(Publication)#117 (6) { ["_data"]=> array(24) { ["id"]=> int(1121) ["accessStatus"]=> int(0) ["datePublished"]=> string(10) "2019-08-30" ["lastModified"]=> string(19) "2020-04-20 15:35:36" ["sectionId"]=> int(37) ["seq"]=> int(0) ["submissionId"]=> int(1005) ["status"]=> int(3) ["version"]=> int(1) ["categoryIds"]=> array(0) { } ["copyrightYear"]=> int(2020) ["issueId"]=> int(70) ["licenseUrl"]=> string(49) "https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0" ["pages"]=> string(8) "93–111" ["copyrightHolder"]=> array(2) { ["en_US"]=> string(0) "" ["hu_HU"]=> string(0) "" } ["title"]=> array(2) { ["en_US"]=> string(122) "Recommendations of the Forum on Minority Issues at its eleventh session on the theme “Statelessness: a minority issue”" ["hu_HU"]=> string(122) "Recommendations of the Forum on Minority Issues at its eleventh session on the theme “Statelessness: a minority issue”" } ["locale"]=> string(5) "en_US" ["authors"]=> array(0) { } ["keywords"]=> array(2) { ["hu_HU"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(20) "Human Rights Council" [1]=> string(15) "minority issues" } ["en_US"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(20) "Human Rights Council" [1]=> string(15) "minority issues" } } ["subjects"]=> array(0) { } ["disciplines"]=> array(0) { } ["languages"]=> array(0) { } ["supportingAgencies"]=> array(0) { } ["galleys"]=> array(1) { [0]=> object(ArticleGalley)#778 (7) { ["_submissionFile"]=> NULL ["_data"]=> array(9) { ["submissionFileId"]=> int(4575) ["id"]=> int(342) ["isApproved"]=> bool(false) ["locale"]=> string(5) "en_US" ["label"]=> string(3) "PDF" ["publicationId"]=> int(1121) ["seq"]=> int(0) ["urlPath"]=> string(0) "" ["urlRemote"]=> string(0) "" } ["_hasLoadableAdapters"]=> bool(true) ["_metadataExtractionAdapters"]=> array(0) { } ["_extractionAdaptersLoaded"]=> bool(false) ["_metadataInjectionAdapters"]=> array(0) { } ["_injectionAdaptersLoaded"]=> bool(false) } } } ["_hasLoadableAdapters"]=> bool(false) ["_metadataExtractionAdapters"]=> array(0) { } ["_extractionAdaptersLoaded"]=> bool(false) ["_metadataInjectionAdapters"]=> array(0) { } ["_injectionAdaptersLoaded"]=> bool(false) }
PDF (English)
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PDF (English)