Climate Adaptation in Terms of Water Security in the Danube Countries

  • Kirovné Rácz Réka Magdolna
doi: 10.32565/aarms.2021.3.2


In my article, I examine the characteristics of the  Danube countries’ adaptation to climate change in  terms of water security. Among the international  strategic documents, I examine the EU Water  Framework Directive (WFD, 2000), the Danube River  Protection Convention, and the EU Strategy for the  Danube Region (EUSDR, 2019). It is a European  ambition to create adequate levels of drinking water,  outdoor bathing water, and aquatic ecosystem  security in EU member states by the end of 2027.  Therefore, in my article I examine water safety, not  only in terms of drinking water supply security, but  also in terms of aquatic ecosystem security for the  Danube countries. Based on the examples of recent  years in Hungary, I present the damage events  caused by high rainfall intensity fluctuations, which  occurred from both excess and scarcity of water. I  would like to draw your attention to the fact that, as  Hungary is a downstream country, upstream  interventions can cause more sudden flooding and  subsidence in our area on the Danube. 


climate adaption water security Danube

How to Cite

Kirovné Rácz, R. M. (2022) “Climate Adaptation in Terms of Water Security in the Danube Countries”, AARMS – Academic and Applied Research in Military and Public Management Science. Budapest, 20(3), pp. 21–36. doi: 10.32565/aarms.2021.3.2.


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