AARMS – Academic and Applied Research in Military and Public Management Science https://folyoirat.ludovika.hu/index.php/aarms <p>As the name of the journal shows, its goal is to publish research results, peer-reviewed studies of high standard in English in the field of military science and military technology. Recent changes in the structure of the university have called for the renewal of the publication, allowing for publishing scientific results in other disciplines such as public administration as well as law enforcement.</p> en-US <p>The copyright to this article is transferred to the University of Public Service Budapest, Hungary (for U.S. government employees: to the extent transferable) effective if and when the article is accepted for publication. The copyright transfer covers the exclusive right to reproduce and distribute the article, including reprints, translations, photographic reproductions, microform, electronic form (offline, online) or any other reproductions of similar nature.</p> <p>The author warrants that this contribution is original and that he/she has full power to make this grant. The author signs for and accepts responsibility for releasing this material on behalf of any and all co-authors.</p> <p>An author may make an article published by University of Public Service available on a personal home page provided the source of the published article is cited and University of Public Service is mentioned as copyright holder</p> orbok.akos@uni-nke.hu (Orbók Ákos) gilian.maria@uni-nke.hu (Gilián Mária (Ludovika Egyetemi Kiadó)) Thu, 13 May 2021 16:25:02 +0200 OJS 3.3.0.5 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 The Balance of Power System of the Middle East https://folyoirat.ludovika.hu/index.php/aarms/article/view/740 <p>Since the onset of the Arab Spring, there has been a growing interest in the changing balance of power of the Middle East. The balance of power theory in global context has been extensively studied. However, little research has been dedicated to the theory’s applicability solely at the regional level, especially with the contemporary Middle East in focus, while the region is suffering from armed conflicts involving virtually all the regional states as well as the great powers and many different non-state actors. This paper is an attempt to shed light on the applicability of the balance of power concept and the theory of omnibalancing in relation to the Middle East through reviewing the relevant literature. </p> Selján Péter Copyright (c) 2021 AARMS – Academic and Applied Research in Military and Public Management Science http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://folyoirat.ludovika.hu/index.php/aarms/article/view/740 Thu, 13 May 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Conflict Dynamics between Two Neighbors’: Looking Beyond Federalism https://folyoirat.ludovika.hu/index.php/aarms/article/view/81 <p><em>Ethiopia is a multi-cultural and linguistic country. The Oromo and Somali Community are found in the same linguistic community i.e. Cushitic language.&nbsp; Throughout their history of existence and interaction, the two ethnic communities have developed great common traditions and shared socio-cultural values and as well as have experienced antagonistic relationships and intermittent conflicts. Traditionally, the main sources of conflict between the two communities were competition over scarce resources, territorial expansion, livestock raids and counter raids, kidnap for marriage purpose and the revenge tradition. However, this time round the conflict took different nature, form and bigger scale causing devastation never seen in the history of communal conflict in the country. The study has utilized primary and secondary data collection and employed narration and content analysis to realize the objective of the paper. The study reveals that the causes of the current Oromo-Somali conflict are complexity urging to look beyond ethnic federalism.&nbsp; Hence, fundamental and triggering factors including the involvement of internal and external forces the collapse of social norms and prevalence of moral anarchism, socio-economic issues, competing interest among public and military officials, poor leadership and governance system, competing interest over resources, aspects of local cultural institutions in regulating inter-ethnic relationship are identified in fueling the conflict. Since the conflict in the region is much more complex than the dominant narrative of resource scarcity, open democratic dialogue, genuine consultation and negotiation at different level with various interest groups, stakeholders the community representative, militant groups operating in the areas is paramount importance to ease the increasing ethnic tension and political crisis to the end building sustainable peace in the region. </em></p> Bayu Takele Bekele Copyright (c) https://folyoirat.ludovika.hu/index.php/aarms/article/view/81 Artificial Intelligence as a Dual-use Technology https://folyoirat.ludovika.hu/index.php/aarms/article/view/1429 <p>The aim of this article is to give an overview of the state of artificial intelligence regarding malware attacks, its uses in the military and views regarding if it should be classified as a dual-use technology. As an emerging technology, with a wide variety of use and capabilities, more could be done to overview its uses, and some form of control over it. While the classical exports control might be counterproductive, a more closed approach towards critical information dissemination might be advisable until the full range of capabilities of artificial intelligence will be known.</p> Ambrus Éva Copyright (c) 2021 AARMS – Academic and Applied Research in Military and Public Management Science http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://folyoirat.ludovika.hu/index.php/aarms/article/view/1429 Thu, 13 May 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Tasks of Voluntary Rescue Teams in Extreme Weather Situations https://folyoirat.ludovika.hu/index.php/aarms/article/view/674 <p>The occurrence of weather phenomena associated with extreme precipitation, temperatures and winds are not unusual in the history of meteorology in Hungary. However, in view of the characteristics of damages, it can be ascertained that they are usually witnessed at local (settlement) level; they damage the natural and built environment, jeopardise the safety of people and their financial resources. This greatly burdens the human resources of forces designated to respond to these anomalies, also their deployments, logistics and the management system of their equipment. The current Disaster Management Act created a resolution to this tension between damage prevention, response and rescue by declaring the possibilities of involving the voluntarism of citizens in organised and regulated frameworks. It means: in order to increase the country’s safety, central, territorial, later district and settlement-level voluntary rescue organisations and teams may be established. These units, considering their capabilities, are able to effectively and efficiently manage the impacts of anomalies due to the weather. In this publication, the author attempts to present Hungary’s vulnerability due to weather extremities with the help of the disaster management classification of settlements, to analyse the deployment possibilities of voluntary rescue organisations and rescue teams, taking into account their capabilities established in the framework of the national classification system. </p> Teknős László Copyright (c) 2021 AARMS – Academic and Applied Research in Military and Public Management Science http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://folyoirat.ludovika.hu/index.php/aarms/article/view/674 Thu, 13 May 2021 00:00:00 +0200 The Place of the Sahel Region in the Theory of Regional Security Complex https://folyoirat.ludovika.hu/index.php/aarms/article/view/1801 <p>The theory of regional security complex is one of the main theories of the regional approach of the international security system. The international organisations, the different strategies and concepts use many different definitions for the Sahel region. However, the ongoing changes of the global and the regional security and the complexity of the crisis of the Sahel region bring up the question whether the Sahel region is a unit based on the Regional Security Complex Theory or not? Which countries are part of the Sahel? Can it be treated as a region? In this article I will give my answer to that question. </p> Varga Márton Copyright (c) 2021 AARMS – Academic and Applied Research in Military and Public Management Science http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://folyoirat.ludovika.hu/index.php/aarms/article/view/1801 Thu, 13 May 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Peacekeepers’ Autonomy and Military Authority https://folyoirat.ludovika.hu/index.php/aarms/article/view/4662 <p>This article considers the problem of conciliation of military authority and peacekeepers’ autonomy. At first glance there is a tension between authority and autonomy in many areas of human life like religion, political life, national soldiering and even peacekeeping missions. The core of this tension is the practical contradiction between authority, which implies reason for controlling the behaviour of others, and the autonomy of the others, which involves reason for self-governing. This article proposes a distinction in peacekeepers’ autonomy between professional and moral autonomy, and suggests a way of explaining away the tension. The essential part of the solution is the claim that peacekeepers’ professional autonomy involves ‘building the moral community’ between the formerly hostile sides of a conflict within the confines of international military hierarchy. From this claim I draw the conclusions that the concept of military authority is part of the concept of peacekeepers’ professional autonomy, and that due to the content of peacekeepers’ professional autonomy, peacekeepers’ special moral autonomy is extended as compared to civilian moral autonomy. </p> Boda Mihály Copyright (c) 2021 AARMS – Academic and Applied Research in Military and Public Management Science http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://folyoirat.ludovika.hu/index.php/aarms/article/view/4662 Thu, 13 May 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Leadership Responsibilities in Information Security Awareness Development https://folyoirat.ludovika.hu/index.php/aarms/article/view/4732 <p>This paper aims to introduce the main aspects arising in the organisational context related to leadership roles when information security awareness is being engineered and developed according to purposes set within. Achieving these development purposes is connected to the commanding function of leadership, while being influenced by key human risk factors such as: leadership commitment and example setting, leadership quality, the state of being motivated and above all, the ability of responsible decision- making on a professional basis. In order to improve the effectiveness of putting the implementation into practice, a methodological toolset needs to be elaborated for the disposal of the leader, thanks to which, besides taking on a transactional leadership style and a cyclic program management, the continuous monitoring and tailoring to the organisation of the development purposes all become facilitated. </p> Kárász Balázs, Kollár Csaba Copyright (c) 2021 AARMS – Academic and Applied Research in Military and Public Management Science http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://folyoirat.ludovika.hu/index.php/aarms/article/view/4732 Thu, 13 May 2021 00:00:00 +0200