How the Planned V0 Railway Line Would Increase the Resilience of the Railway Network of Hungary Against Attacks
The spatial distribution of the railway crossings on the river Danube in Hungary is very uneven. There is only one electrified and double-tracked bridge in the country, the Southern Railway Bridge in Budapest. The Újpest bridge in Budapest only provides a connection through line 4 which is not electrified and the Baja bridge is not electrified, too, and both of them are single-tracked. The long-planned V0 railway line that is to be cross the Danube approximately halfway between Budapest and Baja would not only help to redistribute the total network flow which currently passes through almost exclusively the Southern bridge but would also provide redundancy for the existing bridges in the case of their disruption. Four of the five proposed V0 path alternatives are analysed based on these two network properties.