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Style Guide

Download: AUTHOR INFORMATION FORM

UPS standards for books and articles

  1. Essential principles

 

  1. The publication should be of benefit to its readers.

 

  1. We do not engage in redundant publications.

 

  1. Authors must take responsibility for the content, equity, accuracy and style of their paper.

 

  1. We consider submissions which are sent according to this guideline.

 

 

  1. General requirements

 

  1. The proposal should be submitted with a synopsis, all contributors’ short curriculum vitae, the table of contents and up to ten keywords. If the book requires an index, it should be attached as well.

 

  1. Only relevant and well-formatted tables and figures can be used, and must be sent in separate files and at the right resolution. If the submitted material contains any table or figure that has not been originated by the author(s) of the proposal, permission for use needs to be obtained from the copyright holder, and needs to be referred to.

 

  1. If any part of the text or any of the chapters have been previously published, permission must be granted by the original source, and proof of permission should be delivered with the proposal.

 

 

  1. Style guide and examples

 

  1. Formatting

 

The proposal must be in Times New Roman font type (the body of the text at 12 point font size, footnotes at 10 point), normal margins, single space and justified in a standard, single-column format.

 

  1. Structuring

 

The text should contain a logical sequence of main sections, preceded by a heading. To use parts, sections and sub-sections, you should have at least two of them at any level. Keep headings and sub-headings short. Use sentence-style capitalisation.

Contents

 

 

Introduction

 

Part 1.

Maecenas: Blandit hendrerit luctus

 

  1. Praesent ad accumsan velit

     John Doe

 

  1. Sed quam magna, scelerisque eu quam vitae

     Jane Roe

 

  1. Porttitor fermentum est

     Aulus Agerius

 

Part 2.

Proin maximus turpis mauris

[…]

 

Part 3.

Rhoncus dignissim – orci auctor nec

[…]

Glossary

Index

Chapter 1.

 

Praesent ad accumsan velit

John Doe

 

 

  1. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet: Consectetur adipiscing elit

 

Sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua.1 Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi aliquip ex commodo consequat. […]

 

1.1.      Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit2

 

In voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum. […]

 

1.1.1.   Sed ut perspiciatis unde omnis

 

Iste natus error sit voluptatem accusantium doloremque laudantium, totam rem aperiam, eaque ipsa quae ab illo inventore veritatis et quasi architecto beatae vitae sunt. […]

 

1.1.1.1. Nemo enim ipsam voluptatem

 

Quia voluptas sit aspernatur aut odit aut fugit, sed quia consequuntur magni dolores eos qui ratione voluptatem sequi nesciunt. […]

 

1.1.1.2. Integer condimentum mauris ut lacus facilisis iaculis

 

Praesent sed fermentum neque. Proin porta sagittis tortor sit amet luctus. Suspendisse ut gravida sem. Quisque vestibulum et neque condimentum, vitae efficitur dolor pretium. […]

 

1.1.2.   Neque porro quisquam est

 

Qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit, sed quia non numquam eius modi tempora incidunt ut labore et dolore magnam aliquam quaerat voluptatem. […]

 

1.2.      Suspendisse vulputate consectetur nunc vitae suscipit

 

Quisque efficitur vestibulum pellentesque. Phasellus tempor massa purus, vitae viverra orci ultricies at. Morbi nibh nisi, molestie id rutrum eu, efficitur ut arcu. […]

 

 

  1. Nunc nec ex interdum, blandit lacus imperdiet, bibendum ex

 

Nullam lobortis, nulla sed accumsan ornare, est arcu scelerisque nisi, sed malesuada mi turpis in purus. Morbi scelerisque dui fringilla volutpat ultricies. […]

 

1 Ut enim ad minima veniam, quis nostrum exercitationem ullam corporis suscipit laboriosam, nisi ut aliquid ex ea commodi consequatur?

2 Quis autem vel eum iure reprehenderit qui in ea voluptate velit esse quam nihil molestiae consequatur, vel illum qui dolorem eum fugiat quo voluptas nulla pariatur?

Quotations

Punctuation follows the closing quotation mark, unless the whole sentence is a quotation. The footnote marker comes last. If you add emphasis to a quotation, put ‘(emphasis added)’ into the footnote.

Incorporate quotations of up to four lines into the text. Quotations longer than four lines should be in indented paragraphs; leave additional line spacing above and below indented quotes.

 

Citation

Either directly or indirectly citing any source, put the reference in footnote. Do not use endnotes.

David Hume, in the section Of the Origin of Our Ideas of A Treatise of Human Nature, wrote that:

 

All the perceptions of the human mind resolve themselves into two distinct kinds, which I shall call impressions and ideas. The difference betwixt these consists in the degrees of force and liveliness, with which they strike upon the mind, and make their way into our thought or consciousness. Those perceptions, which enter with most force and violence, we may name impressions: and under this name I comprehend all our sensations, passions and emotions, as they make their first appearance in the soul.1

 

Shortly after this definition, starting to prove the precedency of our impressions or ideas,1 he put that “our ideas are images of our impressions, so we can form secondary ideas, which are images of the primary”.2 Arguing that…

 

1 David Hume: A Treatise of Human Nature. London, John Noon, 1739. 1.

2 Hume (1739): op. cit. 6 (emphasis added).

In case several references are from the same author published in the same year, differentiate with letters (a, b, c, etc.).

Books:

First note:

1 John Dewey: Logic. The Theory of Inquiry. New York, Henry Holt, 1938.

2 Jean-Pierre Changeux – Paul Ricoeur: Ce qui nous fait penser. La nature et la règle. Paris, Odile Jacob, 1998. 14–34.

3 Klaus Wettig (ed.): »Ich wohne nicht in stehenden Gewässern«. Der politische Günter Grass. Göttingen, Steidl, 2018. 120–121.

4 Gregory A. Caldeira et al. (eds): The Oxford Handbook of Law and Politics. Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2008. 13, 23, 79–101.

5 Samuel P. Huntington: Democracy’s Third Wave. Journal of Democracy, 2, no. 2 (1991a). 24.

6 Samuel P. Huntington: The Third Wave. Democratization in the Late Twentieth Century. Norman, University of Oklahoma Press, 1991b.

 

Subsequent notes:

11 Dewey (1938): op. cit. 123.

12 Changeux–Ricoeur (1998): op. cit.

13 Caldeira et al. (2008): op. cit. 74–76.

14 Huntington (1991a): op. cit. 18.

15 Huntington (1991b): op. cit. 128.

 

Bibliography (in alphabetical order):

Caldeira, Gregory A. – R. Daniel Kelemen – Keith E. Whittington (eds): The Oxford Handbook of Law and Politics. Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2008.

Changeux, Jean-Pierre – Paul Ricoeur: Ce qui nous fait penser. La nature et la règle. Paris, Odile Jacob, 1998.

Dewey, John: Logic. The Theory of Inquiry. New York, Henry Holt, 1938.

Huntington, Samuel P.: Democracy’s Third Wave. Journal of Democracy, 2, no. 2 (1991a). 12–34.

Huntington, Samuel P.: The Third Wave. Democratization in the Late Twentieth Century. Norman, University of Oklahoma Press, 1991b.

Wettig, Klaus (ed.): »Ich wohne nicht in stehenden Gewässern«. Der politische Günter Grass. Göttingen, Steidl, 2018.

Chapters and other parts of edited books:

First note:

1 Clinton Tolley: Hegel’s Conception of Thinking in His Logics. In Sandra Lapointe (ed.): Logic from Kant to Russell. Laying the Foundations for Analytic Philosophy. New York, Routledge, 2019. 73–100.

 

Subsequent notes:

7 Tolley (2019): op. cit. 84.

 

Bibliography:

Tolley, Clinton: Hegel’s Conception of Thinking in His Logics. In Sandra Lapointe (ed.): Logic from Kant to Russell. Laying the Foundations for Analytic Philosophy. New York, Routledge, 2019. 73–100.

Journal articles:

First note:

1 Louis D. Brandeis – Samuel D. Warren: The Right to Privacy. Harvard Law Review, 4, no. 5 (1890). 193–220.

2 Karl Schlieker: Lufttaxis gewinnen an Flughöhe. Allgemeine Zeitung, 29 November 2019.

 

Subsequent notes:

4 Brandeis–Warren (1890): op. cit. 201.

5 Schlieker (2019): op. cit.

 

Bibliography:

Brandeis, Louis D. – Samuel D. Warren: The Right to Privacy. Harvard Law Review, 4, no. 5 (1890). 193–220.

Schlieker, Karl: Lufttaxis gewinnen an Flughöhe. Allgemeine Zeitung, 29 November 2019.

Online works:

First note:

1 Sophia Chen: Physicists Take Their Closest Look Yet at an Antimatter Atom. Wired, 19 February 2020.

 

Subsequent notes:

2 Chen (2020): op. cit.

 

Bibliography:

Chen, Sophia: Physicists Take Their Closest Look Yet at an Antimatter Atom. Wired, 19 February 2020. Online: www.wired.com/story/physicists-take-their-closest-look-yet-at-an-antimatter-atom

If a paper you are linking to has an associated Digital Object Identifier (DOI), use the https://doi.org/ address to link to it instead of the publisher’s address.

 

Cases:

Citing cases in the body text, at first, use the ‘Doe v. Wade’ form, later on, an unambiguous short version is enough (‘in Wade’). In footnotes, when it is first mentioned, give the name of the case in full – thereafter it may be shortened. Do not forget to give the law report and page or paragraph number.

1 Virginia v. Black 538 US 343 (2003).

 

14 Virginia. 345.

Citing sources of law, use full forms in the body text [for example, Article 8 and Section 9(1)(a) of Human Rights Act 1998], and abbreviations in footnotes [Human Rights Act 1998, art. 8 and s. 9(1)(a)].

R v. Secretary of State for the Home Department [2000] AC 115

Connolly v. Director of Public Prosecutions [2007] EWHC 237

Hill v. Great Tey Primary School [2013] ICR 691

Smith Kline & French Laboratories (Australia) Ltd v. Secretary to the Department of Community Services and

London Artists Ltd v. Littler [1969] 2 All ER 193

Rofe v. Smith’s Newspapers Ltd [1924] 25 SR (NSW) 4

Australian Broadcasting Corp. v. O’Neill [2006] HCA 46

Abrams v. United States 250 US 616 (1919)

Lingens v. Austria (1986) 8 EHRR 407

Health (1990) 22 FCR 73

Burnett v. National Enquirer, Inc. 144 Cal. App. 3d 991 (1983)

 

Schenck v. United States 249 US 47, 52 (1919)

R (on the application of ProLife Alliance) v. British Broadcasting Corporation [2003] UKHL 23, [91]

 

Case C-154/19 Kypriaki Kentriki Archi v. GA (ECLI:EU:C:2019:888)

 

Von Hannover v. Germany no 59320/00

Von Hannover v. Germany (No 2) nos 40660/08 and 60641/08

 

Arrêt n°1113 du 19 décembre 2019 (18-25.113)

BVerfGE 120

Cass. civ. 13 aprile 2000, n. 4790

Footnotes

Footnotes can be a form of citation or can provide relevant additional information. Indicate footnotes with a superscript number which should appear after the relevant punctuation in the text – for clarity, it can also be put directly after the word or phrase to which it relates. If a subsequent citation immediately follows, do not use ‘Ibid’, use the subsequent citation form. Separate citations with semi-colons. Pinpoints to pages come at the end of the citation. Close footnotes with a full stop. Italicise titles of books, capitalise the first letter in all major words in a title. Footnotes must contain all available data of the cited sources. Do not insert ‘at’, ‘page’, ‘p’ or ‘pp’, and avoid ‘ff’. Use ‘Press’ referring to university publishing houses (for example, Edinburgh University Press).

1 Henry Petroski: To Engineer Is Human. The Role of Failure in Successful Design. New York, St. Martin’s, 1985; Henry Petroski: Design Paradigms. Case Histories of Error and Judgment in Engineering. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1994; Tom Jackson (ed.): Engineering. An Illustrated History from Ancient Craft to Modern Technology. New York, Shelter Harbor, 2016; Samuel P. Huntington: Democracy’s Third Wave. Journal of Democracy, 2, no. 2 (1991a). 24; Samuel P. Huntington: The Third Wave. Democratization in the Late Twentieth Century. Norman, University of Oklahoma Press, 1991b.

2 Simon Winchester: The Perfectionists. How Precision Engineers Created the Modern World. New York, Harper Perennial, 2019.

3 Winchester (2019): op. cit. 74.

4 Petroski (1994): op. cit. 122–134.

5 Petroski (1985): op. cit. 27.

6 Winchester (2019): op. cit. 76.

7 Huntington (1991a): op. cit. 18.

8 Huntington (1991b): op. cit. 128.

Italicising

For laying emphasis on a word or some words, use italics. Avoid over-emphasis. Italicise foreign words and phrases as well, but not quotations and words that are in common usage in English. Referring to foreign terms, next to the English translation, provide the original expression in brackets.

The being-in-the-world (in der Welt-Sein)

The expression ‘general rule’ (à la règle générale)

Everyday autarky (αὐτάρκεια) in this context means …

Listing

Lists with less than five items preferably should be in paragraph format, and marked with letters a); b); c) or if necessary numbers 1.; 2.; 3.; 4. Put a period at the end of items in a vertical list only if the items are complete sentences. Otherwise, omit terminal periods, even for the last item, and do not capitalise the first words.

 

Punctuation and abbreviation

 

Contractions ending with the same letter as the original word do not take terminal full stops (Mr, edn), but abbreviations where the last letter of the word is not included do (ch., ed.). Use preferably abbreviations: i.e., e.g., etc.

article, articles                                    art., arts

chapter, chapters                    ch., chs

number, numbers                    no., nos

paragraph, paragraphs            para., paras

part, parts                               pt., pts

section, sections                     s., ss

Commas should be omitted before the final ‘and’ and ‘or’ in lists unless they help understanding.

Introducing a span or range with words, do not use the en dash. Use en dash reporting contest scores or results, and between words representing conflict, connection or direction.

Omissions should be indicated by […].

Winston Churchill in his historic speech, We Shall Fight on the Beaches, said that:

That was the prospect a week ago. […] The King of the Belgians had called upon us to come to his aid. Had not this Ruler and his Government severed themselves from the Allies, who rescued their country from extinction in the late war, […] the French and British Armies might well at the outset have saved not only Belgium but perhaps even Poland.

Symbols

 

For ‘per cent’, use preferably its symbol: %.

Use & symbol only if it is a legacy, for example, in titles and names (William & Mary Quarterly, Simon & Schuster).

The order of brackets: ([{}]).