Cytogenetic Detection Tools for Effects of Ionizing Radiation on Human
Everyday people are constantly exposed to a background dose of ionizing radiation which comes from the rocks and from outer space. Soldiers on mission could be exposed to ionizing radiation more frequently than it would be expected. In case of a terror attack, a radiological accident or industrial disaster people can receive much higher dose than in everyday life. People can get a dose even unperceived, as humans have no specialized sensing organ for ionizing radiation. Tumors can develop years after the irradiation due DNA damage caused by ionizing radiation. In cases when affected people didn’t wear any personal dosimeter, the received dose can be estimated with different biodosimetry tools in order to decide about the appropriate medical treatment or even the compensation.
In this article the author gives a short review about the recently used biodosimetry methods.