Presentation of the Hazardous Environment in the Light of Firefighting Activity

doi: 10.32562/mkk.2023.1.6


The purpose of this article is to present the dangers facing firefighters during various interventions. It is a challenge for firefighters to deal with various hazards every day, be it firefighting, technical rescue, or even fire investigation. Intellectual readiness, professional knowledge, and a state of work are necessary to be able to handle a given situation effectively and professionally. In this article, the authors present both the hazards of firefighting work, with a brief overview of the consequences of climate change and technological development. To prepare the article, the authors processed several international and domestic literature and case studies, based on which the topic was presented extensively. At the end of the article, several accident prevention proposals and solutions related to the topic are mentioned. Based on these, the authors propose some development directions in the field of safety that may be suitable for more extensive protection against various threats.


danger climate change fire-fighting technical rescue accident


Campbell, Richard – Evarts, Ben (2021): United States Firefighter Injuries in 2020. National Fire Protection Association Research. Online:

Fitzgerald Weaver, John (2019): There Are – Data Missing – Solar Power Fires Per Year. Pv Magazine, 22 August 2019. Online:

Haynes, Hylton J. G. – Molis, Joseph L. (2016): U.S. Firefighter Injuries. National Fire Protection Association Research.

Hesztia Kft. (2022): Elektromos autók akkumulátorainak oltása – új oltórendszer. Védelem Katasztrófavédelmi Szemle, 29(2), 57–58.

Jacobsson, Ann (2018): Exploring Firefighters’ Health and Well-being at Work. Dissertation for PhD, Umeå University, Sweden.

Kiss, Enikő Csilla – Sz. Makó Hajnalka eds. (2015): Gyász, krízis, trauma és a megküzdés lélektana. Pécs: Pro Pannónia Kiadói Alapítvány.

Pántya, Péter (2021): Possibilities and Dangers for the Fire Protection in the Field of Alternative Energy Sources. Védelem Tudomány, 6(3), 287–296.

Patitsa, Christina – Chalaris, Michail (2016): Chemical Incidents Impact in the Psychological Risks of Firefighters. An Analysis of the Findings for the Stress Factors in the Personnel of Hellenic Fire Corps. International Journal of Scientific and Engineering Research, 7(9), 1761–1764.

Restás, Ágoston (2016): Pszichológia a tűz frontvonalában. Védelem Tudomány, 1(3), 46–56.

Restás, Ágoston (2020): Az erdőtüzek intenzitásának változása a globális klímaváltozás hatására. Budapest: Dialóg Campus.

Szendi, Rebeka (2011): A katasztrófák csoportosításának lehetőségei. Hadtudományi Szemle, 4(4), 163–171.