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This paper recounts the two pillars of logic Basarab Nicolescu developed when he formulated the logic axiom of his transdisciplinary methodology: inclusive logic and complexity logic. The paper starts with a distinction between complexity and simplicity and frames transdisciplinary actors as a complex adaptive system (CAS). After explaining traditional classical linear logic and three laws of thought (i.e. exclusive logic) and their inability to deal with complexity, the discussion turns to both inclusive and complexity logic as understood by Nicolescu (who drew on Stéphane Lupasco, and Edgar Morin, respectively). Nicolescu knew he needed ways to both a) not exclude anything that might be integral to addressing a complex, wicked problem; and b) weave emergent ideas into something new, ways that he respectively called inclusive logic and complexity logic. Used together, richer communications and inquiry are now possible amongst diverse minds increasing chances of confidently addressing complex, normative and wicked problems.

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The present study investigates the direct effect of Instagram use on various ways of losing weight, examines the mediation effects of body satisfaction and body image, and the moderator effects of gender and marital status. A total of 520 people who both used Instagram and undertook body surgery participated in the study and filled in the online and printed versions of our questionnaire. Partial least squares regression was used to test the research hypotheses and the relationships among the variables. The results revealed that body image mediated the effect of the purpose of Instagram use on ways of losing weight; however, no mediation effect of body image and body satisfaction was found for patterns and purposes of Instagram use apart from exercise. The relationship between the purposes and pattern of Instagram usage on body satisfaction was significant. However, patterns of Instagram use had no impact on body image, while this relationship for purpose was significant. The implications of the study are discussed.

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This research aimed to examine the trends in and effectiveness of website content on the websites of selected Ethiopian academic institutions. The data was gathered through content analysis and questionnaire and analysed through descriptive statistics (mean), One-Way ANOVA, and narration. The results confirmed that academic and research content were the strongest content categories compared to the other issues covered on the selected websites; and that program and office related content were the weakest (μ = 0.125). According to the data, Addis Ababa, Hawassa, Bahir Dar and Harmaya universities respectively had better content management trends than the other universities. The data also demonstrated that there were significant statistical differences among the website content offered by different universities. Poor navigation systems, inadequate content, empty menus and sub-menus, inconsistent branding, spelling and grammatical errors, as well as untargeted content were some of the observed limitations of the selected website content. Moreover, the data confirmed that the majority of universities updated their websites infrequently. Thus, the study recommends that universities manage their websites well in order to enhance their visibility and reputation.

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