Public Governance, Administration and Finances Law Review 2023-12-14T12:04:23+01:00 Ákos Tussay Open Journal Systems <p><em>Public Governance, Administration and Finances Law Review</em>, founded in 2016, is a Central European journal with global coverage, publishing original research articles, proceedings, and book reviews on all facets of public administration, public policy, and public management both on Central and Eastern Europe and other parts of the world. The journal aims to promote critical legal thinking, legal practice, and scholarly debate by providing a forum for disseminating academic research findings on the fields of public law and public finance, and through its Open Access policy, it wishes to contribute to a greater global exchange of knowledge.</p> Prescriptive Rules in Legal Theory 2023-05-31T10:41:23+02:00 Placani Adriana <p>Understanding prescriptive rules is important for understanding the law given that much of law is prescriptive. This work in legal philosophy aims to promote such understanding by offering an analysis of prescriptive rules. It does so by showing what these rules are and how they operate, distinguishing them from other rule types, and advancing a critical analysis of Joseph Raz’s conception of prescriptive rules. The analysis offered helps to clarify not only the nature of prescriptive rules and their treatment within legal philosophy, but also legal norms that operate by prescribing conduct.</p> 2023-12-14T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Placani Adriana When Artificial Intelligence Fails 2023-09-27T09:42:39+02:00 Rodrigues Rowena Resseguier Anais Santiago Nicole <p>Diverse initiatives promote the responsible development, deployment and use of Artificial Intelligence (AI). AI incident databases have emerged as a valuable and timely learning resource and tool in AI governance. This article assesses the value of such databases and outlines how this value can be enhanced. It reviews four databases: the <em>AI Incident Database</em><em>,</em> the <em>AI, Algorithmic, and Automation Incidents and Controversies Repository,</em> the <em>AI Incident Tracker</em> and <em>Where in the World Is AI.</em> The article provides a descriptive analysis of these databases, examines their objectives, and locates them within the landscape of initiatives that advance responsible AI. It reflects on their primary objective, i.e. learning from mistakes to avoid them in the future, and explores how they might benefit diverse stakeholders. The article supports the broader uptake of these databases and recommends four key actions to enhance their value.</p> 2023-12-14T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Rodrigues Rowena, Resseguier Anais, Santiago Nicole Rights and Future Persons 2023-10-10T16:23:47+02:00 Könczöl Miklós <p>This paper examines the ways the two fundamental problems regarding the rights of future persons/generations (the non-existence problem and the non-identity problem) are usually tackled in scholarship. It is argued that while rights cannot be properly attributed to future people, rights <em>in respect to</em> future generations can be based on present persons’ identity.</p> 2023-12-14T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Könczöl Miklós Local Government: A Social Ontology of Care 2023-10-17T18:01:06+02:00 Wessels Jacobus S. <p>Setting out to determine what ‘local government’ is and how it can be understood, I conducted an analysis of the concept ‘local government’ by identifying its institutional, behavioural and territorial attributes. This analysis informed an ontological description of the nature of local government and the underlying assumptions about this reality. Ontological, local government, as a collection of ‘Dasein’ with an immanent tension between anxiety and care, may simultaneously be viewed as being a social collective of individuals, an institution consisting of individuals, and a social action or intervention performed by caring individuals. The description of the nature of local government provides a point of departure for describing and comparing this reality as situated in different contexts. It also serves as a proposed menu for the questioning and challenging of underlying assumptions about local government. The value of this social ontology of care lies in the description of the nature of the reality of local government situated in different contexts. Furthermore, it serves as an agenda for questioning and challenging the underlying assumptions about local government within different contexts.</p> 2023-12-14T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Wessels Jacobus S. Evolution of Lithuania’s Approach towards Writing of Personal Names in the Official Documents: On the Verge of Liberalisation? 2023-04-27T14:00:21+02:00 Kascian Kiryl <p>On 18 January 2022, the parliament of Lithuania adopted the law on writing personal names in the official documents. Having substantially liberalised the existing practice, the law, however, offered only a partial solution because it did not sanction the use of non-Lithuanian diacritical characters. Based on the relevant legal, linguistic and historical contexts, relevant Lithuanian legislation and case law, this study analyses the evolution of Lithuania’s approach towards the writing of its citizens’ personal names in official documents. The text shows that the significant changes that took place in Lithuanian society during the last 30 years have resulted in a partial liberalisation of these practices. The recent case law suggests that the state is on the verge of accepting full liberalisation, particularly if relevant interwar legislation and a broader understanding of historical traditions of the Lithuanian language will be taken into account. However, the Constitutional Court plays a key role in determining the contents and directions of this process.</p> 2023-12-14T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Kascian Kiryl Knowledge and Implications of Cemetery Policies among Workers of Baguio City Public Cemetery, Philippines 2023-08-04T19:28:40+02:00 Dizon Kurt Zeus L. <p>Cemeteries in the Philippines are usually under the jurisdiction of local government units (LGUs). Among their jurisdiction is managing cemetery workers. The cemetery workers being part of the informal sector are a concern for LGUs since activities within the sector are<br />unknowledgeable to government policies and prone of noncompliance to it. Thus, the study is anchored on determining if cemetery workers of Baguio know the policies governing cemeteries. The study employed both a quantitative and qualitative design, particularly through surveyquestionnaires and interviews. The data shows that the respondents are moderately knowledgeable on the identified cemetery policies. This is because attached offices of Baguio LGU have a constant practice of communicating and orienting the workers on the cemetery policies. Although workers are moderately knowledgeable and the LGU exerts effort and initiatives in communicating with the cemetery workers, some problems still persist due to misinterpretation and stubbornness among the workers.</p> 2023-12-14T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Dizon Kurt Zeus L. Collaborative Leadership in Waste Management: A Case Study of Watampone City, Indonesia 2023-10-13T12:21:22+02:00 Gafur Abdul Mappasere Fatmawati Parawu Hafiz Elfiansya Nasrulhaq Fatmawati Samad Muhammad Ahsan <p>The concept and practice of leadership is continuously evolving. In public administration literature, collaborative leadership is a serious discussion and collaborative leadership is encouraged to be applied at all levels of leadership including the leadership of the Regional Head. Waste management as a very serious public problem is a challenge to modern civilisation and Indonesia is one of the countries with the largest populations in the world, producing more than 19 million tons of waste in 2022, while Watampone is one of the cities in Indonesia that certainly contributes to the waste pile. As a developing city, preventive measures must be taken before following in the footsteps of big cities that are dealing with waste problems because there is no inherent prevention. Therefore, its leadership model can be a key factor. In these terms, it is important to study waste management policy using a collaborative leadership approach. This study aims to look at the characteristics of collaborative leadership in waste management. This research uses descriptive qualitative methods and data collection techniques in interviews with relevant stakeholder leaders as informants combined with documentation studies. The results show that the collaborative leadership model in waste management has a positive impact; this is because the involvement of multiple parties helps manage waste problems and share roles. The characteristics of collaborative leadership expressed by Wilson as a reference in this study show that waste management must involve many parties with the characteristics of awareness of functions, division of authority, cooperation for a common vision, and mutual trust by all operators involved. As a suggestion, waste management using a collaborative leadership approach should be conducted by clearly mapping the roles of all stakeholders involved. Another aspect that supports and strengthens waste management collaboration in Watampone City is the culture of <em>gotong royong </em>(mutual aid) that has been rooted in the lives of the people of Watampone City.</p> 2023-12-14T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Gafur Abdul, Mappasere Fatmawati, Parawu Hafiz Elfiansya, Nasrulhaq, Fatmawati, Samad Muhammad Ahsan Public Administration and Economic Analysis of the Region along Slovakia’s Southern Border 2023-11-13T10:48:27+01:00 Horbulák Zsolt Hegedűs Szilárd Lentner Csaba <p>The paper analyses the economic situation of the districts located along the Southern border of Slovakia, which have sizeable Hungarian-speaking populations. Unemployment ratios, industrial pay levels and corporate profitability figures make up the backbone of the analysis. Our research reveals that, as a whole, the Southern districts fall short of the national average in terms of all economic and demographic indicators. In our research focusing on Slovakia, we have demonstrated the disadvantaged economic situation of the Southern part of the country, where its Hungarian population is concentrated, noting that this may further weaken its ability to retain their population. We used the same methodology for our analysis of the Northern Hungarian counties bordering on Slovakia. In both countries, there are discrepancies between Western and Eastern regions.</p> 2023-12-14T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Horbulák Zsolt, Hegedűs Szilárd, Lentner Csaba