Nemzetbiztonsági Szemle https://folyoirat.ludovika.hu/index.php/nbsz <p><strong>A Nemzetbiztonsági Szemle</strong> az NKE Nemzetbiztonsági Intézetének elektronikus (online) megjelenésű tudományos folyóirata. Célja, hogy lehetőséget teremtsen a nemzetbiztonsági szakterület tudományos igényű művelésével foglalkozó oktatók, kutatók, szakemberek, hallgatók tudományos eredményeinek közzétételére.</p> Ludovika Egyetemi Kiadó hu-HU Nemzetbiztonsági Szemle 2064-3756 Generational Challenges in National Security Education https://folyoirat.ludovika.hu/index.php/nbsz/article/view/6182 <p>In recent years, increasingly far-reaching findings and researches on different generations appear, and parallel to this, the challenges related to the topic keep emerging in almost every area of life. The latter is particularly strong in the field of employment and education, the main reason for which is that the completely different attitudes of the younger generations have catalysed serious changes in both segments. In addition, in recent years, the global technological and IT development have accelerated tremendously, and the generations of the digital age are socialising in a completely different environment than their predecessors. Thus, their vision on the world, their values and their future prospects are also fundamentally different. </p> Zalai-Göbölös Noémi Copyright (c) 2022 Zalai-Göbölös Noémi https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-11-11 2022-11-11 10 3 3 12 10.32561/nsz.2022.3.1 The Situation of National Security Studies https://folyoirat.ludovika.hu/index.php/nbsz/article/view/6179 <p>The author provides an overview of the national security and intelligence studies of some international organisations and some countries. The main focus of the article is on the development of national security and intelligence education in the European Union (EU), North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and China, Romania, Russia, the United State of America (USA), the United Kingdom, Singapore and Australia. </p> Boda József Copyright (c) 2022 Boda József https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-11-11 2022-11-11 10 3 13 24 10.32561/nsz.2022.3.2 Armenia – Police Reform as a Cooperative Effort https://folyoirat.ludovika.hu/index.php/nbsz/article/view/6453 <p><em>Reform, as opposed to revolution, is an iterative process. It is also non-linear. You may not be getting it right the first time. At least not completely right. The authors of this article had the privilege and the pleasure of being invited to advise on the police reform process in the Republic of Armenia from 2014 through 2017 (the introduction of a form of ‘community policing’ had been announced in 2012 but failed to gain traction in the interim). In close cooperation with the then OSCE Office in Yerevan (OiY) and obviously the Armenian authorities, and at times the EU and US representatives, the authors – after taking inventory of existing policies, laws, directives, and regulations, and analysing them in light of internationally recognized good practice -- designed and delivered instruction programs for police officers at different levels, including leadership. In parallel, and as part of a ‘two-pronged’ approach, they contributed to structuring and informing an enabling political (parliamentary) process, including civil society organisations, in close cooperation with the then chairman of the Standing Committee on Defense, National Security and Internal Affairs of the National Assembly, Mr Koryun Nahapetyan, though the police force at the time was still kept close to the presidency. The authors feel encouraged by and welcome recent steps taken by the Pashinyan government to reanimate the police reform process in the RA. It is understood that police reform necessarily is an ongoing process of reflection and implementation on the one hand, structured by focussed phases of more intense political fact-finding and operational structuring on the other. In this article the authors share their observations from the days of their own involvement with added insights on the later evolution of police reform and practice.</em></p> Fluri Philipp Parsons Timothy Copyright (c) 2022 Fluri Philipp, Parsons Timothy https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-11-11 2022-11-11 10 3 25 43 10.32561/nsz.2022.3.3 “From Top to Toe”: Choosing the Appropriate Training Method https://folyoirat.ludovika.hu/index.php/nbsz/article/view/6177 <p>Education is an investment in the future. An investment is only good if it pays off, and education is only effective if the resources used to result in the necessary increase in knowledge and competence. It is easy to make the mistake of investing less energy than necessary in choosing the appropriate training methods, which ultimately fails to have the desired impact. It is especially important in professions where theoretical knowledge must be converted into practice, such as in national security activity. The present study proposes a method to help adult education providers assess the depth of training methods that need to be deployed to achieve a given type of training outcome to avoid wasting money and energy on training. The essence of the idea is that a form of training can only be truly successful if it works through all the physical and psychological processes that are relevant to the actual manifestation of the knowledge, skills and competencies to be acquired. In this paper, I will review which nervous system levels may be involved in information processing and which training methods can be used to involve them in the learning process. </p> Horváth Ferenc Copyright (c) 2022 Horváth Ferenc https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-11-11 2022-11-11 10 3 44 56 10.32561/nsz.2022.3.4 10 Years of Hungarian National Security Higher Education (2012–2022) https://folyoirat.ludovika.hu/index.php/nbsz/article/view/6187 <p>This study examines the place and role of Hungarian national security higher education coordinated by the Institute of National Security of the University of Public Service. Compared to the models seen on the international stage, the study describes the Hungarian university (UPS) form of national security training, the peculiarities that have developed as a result of the last ten years, and the framework of higher education in this special field.</p> Dobák Imre Copyright (c) 2022 Dobák Imre https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-11-11 2022-11-11 10 3 57 66 10.32561/nsz.2022.3.5 A Good Practice – Situational Training in Civilian National Security Education https://folyoirat.ludovika.hu/index.php/nbsz/article/view/6232 <p>The article presents the meaning, sources and development of situational training. It discusses its place and role in civilian national security education and also describes its personal and material conditions, the tools and equipment used. It presents the related challenges and limitations and highlights the connections between experiential learning and situational training. The article points out the importance of knowledge transfer within a group as well as the importance of self-expression. It underlines the significant role of the fact-based planning and preparedness for unforeseen events and outlines a possible way of development of situational training in the form of reactive shooting. </p> Regényi Kund Miklós Copyright (c) 2022 Regényi Kund Miklós https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-11-11 2022-11-11 10 3 67 73 10.32561/nsz.2022.3.6 Thoughts on the Purpose and Significance of Legal Education in Military National Security Training https://folyoirat.ludovika.hu/index.php/nbsz/article/view/6307 <p>Some level of legal education can be found in almost all Hungarian undergraduate and Master’s degrees. In Hungarian national security education there is a complex system of legal subjects, at the centre of which is the subject of the three-semester national security law. The most important legal subjects in military national security training are basic legal knowledge, national security law I–II–III, security challenges and criminal law, and military law.</p> Gál István László Copyright (c) 2022 Gál István László https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-11-11 2022-11-11 10 3 74 82 10.32561/nsz.2022.3.7 The Education of Military Intelligence Analysis in Hungary https://folyoirat.ludovika.hu/index.php/nbsz/article/view/6310 <p>The author presents the education of military intelligence analysis in the last four decades, which he divided into three periods. These periods well illustrate the stages of development of intelligence analysis in Hungary. The result of this development process is the current education of military intelligence analysis, as the three periods are built on each other. Nowadays, the education of intelligence analysis takes place at the Institute of National Security of the National University of Public Service. This education-based program was approved in 2012 and later accredited. This program already presents the intelligence analysis in a complex way, and it is not just about analysing information and making reports, but about the complex problem-solving activities. The development of the current education began in 2009, but it is still going on because it needs to constantly adapt to the current development of theory and practice of intelligence analysis. The study presents the main elements of the education of intelligence analysis, as well as provides a future perspective on the direction in which the theory of intelligence analysis work needs to develop.</p> Vida Csaba Copyright (c) 2022 Vida Csaba https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-11-11 2022-11-11 10 3 83 90 10.32561/nsz.2022.3.8 National Security and Higher Education – Challenges, Risks and Threats https://folyoirat.ludovika.hu/index.php/nbsz/article/view/6222 <p>Globalisation raises the risk of unwanted leaks of information from higher education institutions and the use of the scientific results of one country for hostile purposes by another one. The national interests to be protected have their dynamics so national security has to also be in permanent development. Networking as a part of HUMINT has a growing importance among students and the teaching staff as well. The protective measures need urgent upgrading in order to prevent any possible risk on behalf of state and non-state actors. As the students are the most exposed to different radical ideas, the preventive measures have to be focused on them. It is also important to keep an eye on the laboratories accessible at the higher education institutions where electronic, technical and chemical tools and devices can be illegally elaborated for illicit purposes.</p> Bács Zoltán György Copyright (c) 2022 Bács Zoltán György https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-11-11 2022-11-11 10 3 91 99 10.32561/nsz.2022.3.9